|Latin America’s support in environmental management|
Energy conservation in developing countries is not an easy task, its need for introduce technological efficiency, political arrangements, provision aids (from developed countries) to use alternative energy sources that reduces costs and environmentally friendly, for example Brazil has transfer from oil consumption to ethanol, also it needs for personal behaviour changes that contribute to reduce of energy consumption at household level. Change attitude for personal towards energy consumption it is very challenging for most developing countries, because it needed awareness and participation for personal as long as most people in developing countries are lacking knowledge about the effect of energy to human health and environment.
We start on renewable energy technologies because they can be particularly attractive in dispersed, ‘off-grid’ applications and therefore represent an important option for rural areas that lack electricity transmission and distribution infrastructure. To conserve renewable energy in developing countries, there is a need efficiency technology as replacement for traditional of consuming energy as their counterpart did (for example, Latin America). If the developed nations are willing to play a significant role in helping the developing nations, it is questionable whether the same developmental path the North took should be promoted. For instances the solar route energy system is especially attractive for many of the climates in the developing World, where an estimated 2 billion people lack electricity.
In fact, the energy technology that has the most potential to immediately improve human health and well-being in many developing countries is relatively simple. The use of such traditional fuels as wood and dung for cooking is inefficient and generates extremely high levels of indoor pollution. Accelerating the transition to more expensive, but far cleaner kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), or electric stoves, would dramatically reduce the exposure to unhealthy levels of particulate pollution in many developing countries. Other sectors that offer great opportunities to reduce conventional levels of air pollutant emissions and to improve public health are transport and electricity production.
Furthermore, as most developing countries, firewood is the only sources of fuel for cooking for over billion people. In fact, 90% of the world’s fuel wood is produced and used in developing countries and these consumptions results environmental damage such deforestation which causes global warming. Particularly the South America needs solution to this problem such as to develop a market in wood which encourage people with land to plant trees as a cash crop. When people have to pay for fuel wood, trees become important resources that can be put under the stewardship of local communities or private landowners, and sustainable use of forest can result. Then, all of other benefits of goods and services provided by forests are preserved or resorted. Indeed this requires encouragements of developing countries or NGOs.
Research and funding institutions must be brought to change and emphasize renewables and efficiency measures. Developed countries should assist developing countries in establishing regional research and development facilities focused on renewables and efficiency technologies.
A more sustainable energy policy would also need to improve energy efficiency and that will help developing countries to avoid or minimize such consequences. None are easy to implement. All require the active engagement of all sectors of society, including individual consumers and local communities, non-governmental organizations, private businesses and industry, the science and technology research community, governments, intergovernmental institutions and charitable organizations. Developing countries must take the lead in charting new energy courses for themselves.
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