|Energy Conservation in Developing Countries|
Because of the limited amount of non-renewable energy sources on Earth (e.g. coal, oil, and natural gas), it is important to conserve our current supply or to use renewable sources so that our natural resources will be available for future generations. It is essential for Latin America. Energy conservation is also important because consumption of non-renewable sources impacts the environment as well as it high cost for developing countries to produces. Specifically, our use of fossil fuels contributes to air and water pollution. For example, carbon dioxide is produced when oil, coal, and gas combust in power stations, heating systems, and car engines. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere acts as a transparent blanket that contributes to the global warming of the earth, or ‘greenhouse effect’. It is possible that this warming trend could significantly alter our weather. Possible impacts include a threat to human health, environmental impacts such as rising sea levels that can damage coastal areas, and major changes in vegetation growth patterns that could cause some plant and animal species to become extinct. Sulphur dioxide is also emitted into the air when coal is burned. The sulphur dioxide reacts with water and oxygen in the clouds to form precipitation known as ‘acid rain’. Acid rain can kill fish and trees and damage limestone buildings and statues. Renewable energy efficiency utilizes natural resources such as sunlight, wind, tides and geothermal heat, which are naturally replenished, and are greatly supported by the South America. Renewable energy technologies range from solar power, wind power, and hydroelectricity to biomass and bio-fuels for transportation. A non-renewable resource is a natural resource that cannot be re-made, re-grown or regenerated on a scale comparative to its consumption. It exists in a fixed amount that is being renewed or is used up faster than it can be made by nature. Fossil fuels (such as coal, petroleum and natural gas) and nuclear power are non-renewable resources, as they do not naturally re-form at a rate that makes the way we use them sustainable and consumer materials to produce electricity.
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